Defining moments in Zim’s music history since Independence - OyOsNews

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Tuesday, 17 April 2018

Defining moments in Zim’s music history since Independence

Bob Marley performed at Zimbabwe's Independence Gala (1980) at Rufaro Stadium
Zimbabwe’s music landscape has continuously evolved over the years, from the days of Chimurenga to the advent of a new genre that has taken over at the moment that is Zim-Dancehall.

Chimurenga music was famous prior to independence and just after independence. Chimurenga is a Shona word which means a struggle. Chimurenga music was sung as a morale booster to the liberation fighters. After independence it vanished and paved way for sungura.

Sungura is a mixture of the bass guitar, rhythm guitar and lead guitar sounds fused with a fast paced Rhumba and the East African Kanindo beat. The sound relies heavily on bass guitar baseline and drums. The sungura genre became popular in 1980s with musicians such as Ephraim Joe, John Chibadura, Michael Jambo, System Tazvida (Chazezesa Challengers), Nicholas Zakaria, among others coming on board.

In 2002, Zimbabwe’s government introduced 100% local content quota on all radio stations. This quickly gave rise to a new genre, christened Urban Grooves. Young musicians embraced western hip-hop and fused it with the local flair.

The music genre saw the rise of musicians such as Alexio Kawara, Maskiri, Rockford Josphats and Extra Large among others. However, the genre is under serious threat from Zim Dancehall.

Zim-Dancehall is probably the new kid on the block in Zimbabwe entertainment. The genre is so popular to the extent that most sungura artistes are now performing in rural areas. Some of the musicians who are popular are Winky D, Sniper Storm and Killer T among others. Winky D has remained on top of his game and continues to release chart topping music.

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